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Q55. Oral Presentation

Q55. Oral Presentation
 If an oral presentation describing an invention is made at a conference of specialists, is the event considered to be one where the invention is publicly used or known in Japan?

A55. If the specialists do not have any confidentiality obligation with respect to the invention, the oral presentation will constitute an event that results in the invention becoming publicly known or used. On the other hand, if the specialists are actually obligated to keep the invention secret under certain regulations or if they are deemed to be most likely obligated to do so, it does not constitute an event resulting in public knowledge or public use in Japan. The obligation can be cultural or institutional, based on established practice or procedure, and need not be legally enforceable.