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Q10. How are similarity in appearance, sound, or concept judged?

Q10. How are similarity in appearance, sound, or concept judged?

A10.

Similarity in Appearance

If the components of two marks are confusingly similar each other, they may be determined to be similar in appearance. For example, the following marks would like be considered similar in appearance:

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Similarity in Sound

When the pronunciations of two marks as read by Japanese native speakers are close to each other, they may be determined to be similar in sound. For example, the following marks would be considered similar in sound:

“VANCOCIN” and “BUNCOMIN”
“Atomin” and “ATAMIN”
“HETORON” and “PETRON”

Similarity in Concept

When the meaning of two marks is similar, the marks may be determined to be similar in concept. Marks in languages other than Japanese are frequently rejected based on prior Japanese registrations having a corresponding meaning. For example, the following marks would be considered similar in concept:

“りんご” and “apple”

(”りんご” is the Japanese word for “apple”. )