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Q6. How does the application proceed?

Q6. How does the application proceed?

A6. As the application is filed, both a formality examination and a substantive examination are held.
At the substantive examination, the existence of either absolute or relative grounds for refusal is determined.
It takes about 6 or 7 months until the first Office Action is issued.
If there is no reason for refusal in the application, a decision of registration is issued, and registration of the trademark right comes into force after payment of the registration fee. All together, it should take 8 or 9 months from the filing date until registration of the trademark right, at the earliest.
If there is a reason for refusal in the application, the Examiner issues an Office Action. In other words, a notification of reasons for refusal is sent. Against the Office Action, the applicant may file an argument and/or an amendment to overcome the reasons for refusal within the response term allowed by the Office Action. The response term for an Office Action for a resident abroad is 3 months. A one-month extension is obtainable by paying the official fee.
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Fig. 3-A
illustrates the procedures for obtaining a trademark right.