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Q39. Incorporation by Reference (IBR)

Q39. Incorporation by Reference (IBR)
 Is IBR available in Japan?

A39. No. In the JPO, the detailed description of the invention shall be described in such a manner that a person skilled in the art can carry out the claimed invention on the basis of matters described in the specification and drawings taking into account the common general knowledge as of the filing. Therefore, incorporation of the whole or part of a prior art document by a mere reference and/or by mere stating that its content is incorporated is not allowed.